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By a further amendment of the Act in 1948, the cess of 2 annas pet- bale was raised to 4 annas per bale.
Bocarro (1947-1948), Mr Kalidas Sawhney (1948-1953), Mr P. Sources of Finance The Indian Cotton Cess Act of 1923 provided for a compulsory levy of a cess of 2 annas (4 annas for the first three years) per standard bale of Indian cotton either exported from the country or consumed in the mills in India, By the Indian Cotton Cess (Amend- ment) Act, 1947, the cess was made applicable to imported cotton also.
A HISTORY OF THE INDIAN COUNCIL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH 1929-1979 M. At the same time, the cess was raised to 7 annas per maund on all lac other than refuse lac, and to 5 annas per maund on refuse lac. Active col- lections have been characterized and catalogues for covrptai,moong,urd, Frenchbean, guar and soybean are under preparation in collaboration with the Genetic Resources Information System at Boulder, Colorado, the USA, and the IASRI, New Delhi.
Op- portunity was also taken to enlarge the functions of this Association to include the investigation of marketing methods and sales promotion. The lines 'E C 102649', 'EC 162650' and 'EC 102651' (from Australia) were identified as promising ones and are in the multiplication stage. Two catalogues of field-pea giving information on about 700 accessions for 15 characters have been published.
Besides the income from this cess, the Committee received from time to time special grants from the Government of India's Cot- ton Fund, which was built up from the proceeds of the import duty on raw cotton imposed by the Cotton Fund Ordinance (VIII of 1942).
Further, from 1 April 1951 the provisions of the Indian Cotton Cess Act were extended to all the States.
This recommendation was accepted, and by a statutory enact- ment the Indian Lac Cess Committee came into being in 1931. 'Kent' (from Australia) is still popular as dual-purpose variety.
Pattern of Financial Assistance Until 1937 the entire expenditure on the various schemes was borne by the Committee, but in view of the gradual depletion of its reserve funds it was decided that the State Governments should accept increasing responsibility for the schemes financed by the Committee, which at the end of their sanctioned period were expected to produce beneficial results.
Schemes of the Committee The investigations financed by the Committee were botanical schemes for breeding high-yielding superior types of cotton, entomo- 34 'A' HISTORY OF ICAR logical schemes for the study of life-histories of important cotton pests and measures to control them, mycological schemes for finding ways and. 1944 to 1958 INDIAN CENTRAL SUGARCANE COMMITTEE (1944) The Indian Central Sugarcane Committee was constituted by the Government of India in November 1944, as a body corporate, and was registered to undertake improvement and development of sugarcane, jaggery are being maintained and have simultaneously been eva- luated for various yield-contributing characters, quality characters, and reaction to fungal, viral and bacterial diseases.
After such schemes had been in operation for 15 years, the Committee's contribution was stop- ped altogether and they were transferred completely to the State Go- vernment concerned.
The Committee was constituted on the basis of equality of representation between the growers and manufacturers with the Vice-Chairman (now Vice-Pre- sident), Indian Council of Agricultural Research, as the ex-officio Pre- sident of the Committee. CHAPTER 25 RECENTLY ESTABLISHED CENTRAL RESEARCH INSTITUTES VIVEKANANDA PARVATIYA KRISHI ANUSANDHAN SHALA, ALMORA (1974) The Vivekananda Laboratory, now known as 'Vivekananda Parvatiya Krishi Anusandhan Shala' (Vivekananda Laboratory for Hill Agricul- ture), came into existence on 4 July 1924, when its founder, the late Professor Boshi Sen, after having worked for 12 years with Sir J. Bose, the renowned Plant Physiologist, decided to establish his own la- boratory.
The objects of the Committee were to undertake, assist or make, in connection with the jute industry in India, agricultural technological and economic research and propaganda, improvements in crop fore- casting and statistics, production, testing and distribution of improved seeds, enquiries and recommendations relating to banking, storage and transport facilities and transport routes, and improvements in marketing; to advise the Central and State Governments concerned on any point referred to it, provided the subject-matter of reference falls within the prescribed functions of he Committee; and to collect and distribute to those connected with the jute industry in India what- ever information and statistics becomes available that may assist the various interests concerned. Inspired by the ideals of Swami Vivekananda to serve the hungry and the downtrodden, Mr Bdshi Sen took the greatest decision to start a laboratory of his own.